【中考英语】选择题专攻,逆袭高分,短时间有捷径!

攻克英语,夺取高分,短时间有捷径!


今天主要以最容易拉分,也最容易提分的英语选择题为重点,给同学们仔细分析一下英语做题的答题技巧,并配以历年单选最容易出错的题型,加深复习,快来看看。


一、单选解题方法


1. 直接法


直接利用相关语法知识,通过题干中的已供信息,捕捉到解题线索,从而得出正确答案的解题方法。例:


——Will you come to the net bars(网吧)with me?

——Sorry. My mother always tells me there.


A. not go

B. go

C. not to go

D. to go


【解析】根据句意可知此题考查动词不定式的否定形式,即tell sb. not to do sth.,故此题应选C。


2. 关键词法


许多题目中都有这样一些词,它们对于快速而准确地判定答案起着至关重要的作用。我们称这些词为关键词key words。找到句中的关键词,也就找到了解题的突破口,例:


He hardly hurt himself in the accident, ?


A. didn't he

B. did he

C. does he


【解析】该题中hardly与hurt是起关键词作用的。凡陈述部分含有hardly, never, little, few等否定意义的词时,反意疑问句用肯定形式;而hurt一词的过去式与原形相同,此处hurt未加s,应为过去式。因此本题答案B是正确的。


3. 类推法


如果对题目的备选答案没有十分把握或把握很小,不妨利用"如果A对,那么B也对"的类推法,从而可将A、B予以否定,例:


——Who's the man at the door?

——               .


A. He is a doctor

B. He is a friend of mine

C. He is a famous singer

D. He is twenty


【解析】仔细分析备选答案就可发现:A、C选项针对的是"职业"。若A是对的,那么C也会是对的。D回答的是年龄。故惟有B才是正确的。


4. 前后照应法


此方法多用于两个以上句子或对话形式命题的题目。解题前透彻理解,然后联系上下文,捕捉隐含信息,方能准确找出答案,例:


——He isn't a teacher, is he?

——______ . He works in a hospital.


A. Yes, he is

B. No, he isn't

C. Yes, He isn't

D. No, he is


【解析】本题考查否定句的反意疑问句的回答。由后半句的回答,我们知道"他"的身份不是教师;对反意疑问句的回答要根据实际情况。因此应选择的是B。


5. 排除法


根据题干提供的信息,先把一眼就看出的干扰项排除,缩小选择范围,然后将剩余的选项填入空白处进行检验,辨别真伪,例:


The girl asked the teacher           .


A. what does the museum looks like

B. what did the museum look like

C. what the museum looks like

D. what the museum looked like


【解析】本题主要考查宾语从句中的语序及时态的对应关系。主句动词是过去时,从句的谓语动词也应是过去时的某种时态,故A、C被排除。而B中有词序错误,所以D为正确答案。


6. 交际法


此方法可用交际用语,联系上下文直接解题,例:


——Would you like to have another cup of tea?

——   .


A. Yes, I do

B. Not al all

C. No, thanks

D. Help yourself


【解析】本题主要考查简答交际用语的应答。对别人的邀请,如果表示不接受时,应委婉说出,不能断然拒绝。因此,选C是最佳答案。


二、思维定势解题误区


思维定势,指的是我们习惯性的思维方式。学生在做题时往往会受固定搭配,习惯用法等思维方式的影响,凭着经验或感觉快速解题。


当然,这有利于提高解题速度,但有时也会把学生的思维引向“歧路”。现举例分析,以引起大家注意。如:


1. Shanghai is larger than _____ city in Jiangsu.


A. any

B. any other

C. other

D. one


【解析】仔细分析该题,就会发现本句中两个比较的双方Shanghai和Jiangsu是“相互不包含”关系。此句实际是Shanghai与Jiangsu的任一个城市进行比较,故选A。


2. There are a lot ______ apples in this basket than in that one.


A.most

B.more

C.of

D.much


【解析】此题学生往往会受短语a lot of的影响而选C,仔细研读该题则会发现此句是一个比较句型,句中的a lot实际上是用来修饰比较级的,该题的正确答案为B。


3. What did you ______ at the meeting yesterday?


A.speak

B.tell

C.say

D.talk


【解析】这道题学生一看会根据“在会上发言,speak at the meeting”这一短语而选A。实际上这一句的意思是“你昨天在会上讲什么了?”疑问词what在句中作动词say的宾语,指说的内容,故选取答案C。


4. The bus is coming. Let's_______.


A. get it on

B. get it off

C. get on it

D. get it off


【解析】此题容易受“动词+副词”短语的影响,把代词放在此结构的中间,而选答案A。表示上/下车时,此时on/off是介词,需要把代词放在on/off的后面,所以答案为C。


5. I'd heard a lot _______England. Some things were as I thought.


A. of

B. about

C. to

D. for


【解析】此题表面一看很简单,根据短语a lot of 选答案A。再看看句意,“我听说许多英国”,则发现正确答案为B,意为“听到很多有关英国的情况,有些正如我想的一样”。


6. ——Must I finish the work before five o'clock?

——No. You _______ finish it before eight.


A. mustn't

B. needn't

C. can't

D. can


【解析】对must引导的一般疑问句否定回答常用No,you needn't.结构。但细细分析本句,就可以从标点看出No和它后面的部分实为两个句子,结合句意,可知答案为D。


7. There _______ a film tomorrow evening.


A. will have

B. have

C. is going to be

D. has


【解析】此句意思很明显,“明天晚上有电影”。“有”易受汉语影响而选答案A。实际上本句应用There be句型,应选择C。


三、解题的注意事项


1. 认真地阅读题干,哪怕是不需要填空的句子。


2. 熟记语法知识、固定短语、习惯用法。


3. 注意区分同(近)意词、同(近)意短语。


4. 学会寻找并发现题目中的关键点或隐含信息。


5. 注意解题方法的熟练运用


单项选择题的解题技巧和方法有很多种。但是并不是一个题目只能运用一种方法,有时需要两种方法同时运用,这就需要熟练掌握各种方法的特点,以便能灵活运用。


解单项选择题还需灵活运用所学知识,对句子的结构和意义加以合理的分析和理解,这样才能得出正确答案。


1. ________ it is today!


A. What fine weather

B. What a fine weather

C. How a fine weather

D. How fine a weather


解析:选A. 此题容易误选B. weather是不可数名词,前面不能有不定冠词。英语中经常考查的不可数名词有work, news, adivice, information等。


2. Which is the way to the __________?


A. shoe factory

B. shoes factory

C. shoe’s factory

D. shoes’ factory


解析:选A. 此题极易误选B, C, D. 英语中名词单数可以修饰名词,如:an apple tree—two apple trees. 但注意 a man teacher—two men teachers。


3. This class ________ now. Miss Gao teaches them.


A. are studying

B. is studying

C. be studying

D. studying


解析:选A. 此题容易误选B. class, family, team等单词如果表示整体谓语就用单数,表示个体就用复数,从语境及其后面的代词them可以看出,class表示个体,故选择A。


4. We will have a _________ holiday after the exam.


A. two month

B. two-month

C. two month’s

D. two-months


解析:选择B. 此题容易误选C, D. 在英语中数词中间用连字符号加名词单数,构成符合名词,在句中只能作定语, 如果选择C, 需要把逗号放s后面。


5. There is no enough ________ on the corner to put the table.


A. place

B. room

C. floor

D. ground


解析:选B. 此题最容易误选A.。room在句中是空间而非房间。句意:角落里没有摆桌子的空间了。


6. We can have _____ blue sky if we create _____ less polluted world.


A. a; a

B. a; the

C. the; a

D. the; the


解析:选A. 此题容易误选C, D. 根据句意:如果我们创造一个没有污染的世界,那么我们就用一个蓝色的天空。


7. — Are you ________ American or English?

— English. We are working in Wuhu.


A. a

B.不填

C. the

D. an


解析:选B 此题容易误选D. 句中American是形容词而非名词,如果句中改为Are you __________ or an English man? 就选择D。


8. You like playing basketball, and he likes running, _______?


A. don’t you

B. doesn’t he

C. do you

D. does he


解析:选择B. 此题容易误选A. 其实不是对前面的句中进行反问,而是对he likes running进行反问。


9. —Why not take ____ umbrella with the sign “

Made in China”? It is _____ useful umbrella.

—What _______ good advice it is!


A. an; an; a

B. an; a;   不填

C. a; an; a

D. 不填; an; a


解析:选B. 大多数学生容易做错此题。记住an用在元音音素前而不是元音字母前,记住了这一点就知道了an umbrella 和a useful umbrella. 在最后一句中advice是不可数名词,前面不能接不定冠词。故选择B。


10. —When shall we meet again next week?

— ____ day is possible. It’s no problem with me.


A. Either

B. Neither

C. Every

D. Any


解析:此题非常难,选D. 下周任何一天都可以再次见面。Any在肯定句中意思是“任何的”。下周有七天容易排除A, B. 如果把next week 改为next Monday or Tuesday, 则必须选择A。


11. Robert has gone to ____ city and he’ll be back in a week.


A. other

B. the other

C. another

D. any other


解析:选C. 三个以上另外一个用another, other一般情况下修饰名词复数, the other表示两个中的另外一个,any other任何别的。句意:罗伯特去了另一个城市,一周后回来。


12.—A latest magazine, please.

—Only one left. Would you like to have ________?


A. it

B. one

C. this

D. that


解析:选A. 此题容易误选B. 根据句意:— 买一份最新报纸,—只剩下一份了,你要买这份吗?据此我们知道指的就是手里的那份报纸,并不是同一类事物。


13. —Which book would you like to borrow?

—_______ of the two books is OK with me.


A. Either

B. Both

C. Any

D. None


解析:选A. 此题容易误选B. 根据two books好容易排除C, D. 从谓语动词单数is 我们排除B。故选择A。


14. Mrs. Lee teaches ________ math. We all like her.


A. we

B. us

C. our

D. ours


解析:选B. 考查学生对teach sb sth。的掌握情况。此题容易误选C. 误选C的学生是看见后面有名词math, 思维定势名词前面必须用形容词性物主代词。


15. There are many trees on ________ side of the street.


A. either

B. any

C. all

D. both


解析:选A. 此题容易误选D. 街道只有两边,排除B, C. both后面接复数,on either side of the strreet等于on the both sides of. 。如果选择D. side必须用复数形式。


16.________ is the population of the city?


A. How many

B. What

C. How many people

D. How much


解析:B. 此题容易误选A, C. 人口多少用What. 相当于How many people are there in the city?


17. —Why don’t we take a little break?

— Didn’t we just have _______ ?


A. it

B .that

C. one

D. this


解析:选 C. 同类事物用one. 句意:—为什么我们不休息一会儿?—刚才我们不是才休息吗?


18. The teacher asked the boy many questions,but he only answered___ of them.


A.some

B.lots

C.each

D.few


解析:A. 此题会误选D. 但前面有only, 如果去掉副词则选D。


19.About ______ the fans are waiting here. They want to see the great singer.


A. two thousand of

B.two thousand

C.thousand of

D.two thousands of


解析:选D. 此题极容易选错,误认为是B. 但two thousand后面直接接名词复数,不能有冠词the, 句意是:歌迷中大约有2000人在那里等,想看看这位伟大的歌星。


20. —How many apples do I have?

— You can have ______. I want none of them.


A. one

B. all

C. both

D.some


解析:选B. 学生易误选A , D. 其实如果没有I want none of them这句话,四个答案都是对的。从句意:我一个也不想要,就知道你可以吃所有苹果。


21.Japan is ________ the east of China. Taiwan is ____ the southeast of China.


A. in; in

B. to; in

C. on ; to

D. in; to


解析:选B. 日本位于中国东部(外面)用to, 台湾位于中国东部(内部)用in。


22.The postman shouted, “ Mr Green, here is a letter ________ you.”


A. to

B. from

C. for

D. of


解析:选C. 介词的考查。句意:Mr Green, 这是你的信。学生容易误选A。


23.He hasn’t heard from his friend __________ last month.


A. since

B. by the end of

C. for

D. until


解析:A. 此题学生容易受思维定势not… until…的影响误选D。since用于现在完成时,如果此题是一般过去时就选择D。


24.—Jimmy lost his key yesterday.

—________? It’s his third time in just one month.


A. Has he

B. Did he

C. Was he

D. Does he


解析:B. 根据上一句一般过去时可以判断。


25.You’ve passed the exam. I’m happy ______ you.


A. on

B. at

C. in

D. for


解析:选D. 句意:你考试及格了,我为你高兴。


26. I wonder ________ they finished so many different jobs in such a short time.


A. why

B. how

C. when

D. where


解析:选B. 句意:我想知道他在如此短的时间内是怎样完成这么多不同工作的。


27. —Ought I to go right now?

—_________.


A. That’s very bad.

B. Yes, you go ought to

C. Yes, you ought

D. No, you ought not to


解析:选D. 句子的肯定回答为:Yes, you ought to. 否定回答为:No, you ought not to.


28. I don’t know when he ________. When he _______ here, I’ll call you in a minute.


A. will come; will arrive

B. comes; arrices

C. will come; arrives

D. comes; will arrive


解析:选C. 第一句是宾语从句根据语境用一般将来时,第二句是时间状语从句,由于主句是一般将来时,那么从句要用一般现在时来代替。


29. He turned ________ the radio a little because his father was asleep.


A. on

B. down

C. up

D. off


解析:选B. 此题学生会误选D. 但后面有个副词短语a little, 故选择B, 意为:把收音机调小一点,父亲在睡觉。如果去掉a little则选择D。


30. I don’t know the homework _______ today.


A. on

B. in

C. of

D. for


解析:选D. 句意:我不知道今天的家庭作业。


31. —Would you like some coffee?

—Yes, and please get me some milk. I prefer coffee _____ milk.


A. with

B. to

C. of

D. on


解析:A. 此题学生极易受思维定势prefer… to… 的影响误选B。句意:我喜欢加牛奶的咖啡。


32. They each ___ a book. Each of them ___ from China.


A. has;are

B. have; is

C. are having;are

D. is having;is


解析:选B. 此题考查主谓一致。此题应该用一般现在时,排除C, D. each作同位语谓语动词与主语保持一致,each做主语谓语动词用单数。


33. — _______ you ______ your book to the library?

— Yes. I returned it yesterday.


A. Did, return

B. Have, returned

C. Will, return

D. Do, return


解析:选择B. 此题容易误选A. 从句意看:你把书归还图书馆了吗?是的。我昨天归还了。对现在的影响是“书不在这儿了”。


34. Though it’s cloudy now, it _________ get sunny later.


A. can

B. may

C. must

D. need


解析:选B. 表示可能性用may. Can主要表示两种用法,一种是表示能力,另外一种是请求许可; must必须;need需要。


35.It is in the library, you _______ talk loudly.


A. may not

B. can’t

C. needn’t

D. mustn’t


解析:选D。mustn’t表示禁止,不准。根据句意:在图书馆,禁止大声说话。


36. If anyone wants to say something in class, you ________ put up your hands first.


A. must

B. may

C. should

D. can


解析:选C。句意:课堂上如果你想说点东西,你应该举手。


37.The pen _________ him ten yuan.


A. paid

B. cost

C. took

D. spent


解析:选B. 动词辨析。主语是物用cost. Pay, spend的主语是人。Take的形式主语是it。


38. The train _______ for twenty minutes.


A. left

B. has left

C. is leaving

D. has been away


解析:选D. 此题形式会误选B. 但瞬间性动词不能与一段时间for twenty minutes连用。


39. — How many books _____ they _____?


— Five. But they haven’t finished reading even one.

A. did…borrow

B. had…borrowed

C . will…borrow

D. do…borrow


解析:选A。此题考查时态,根据语境:他们一本也没有读完。可知他们以前借了5本书。强调过去。


40. He _________ his bike,so he has to walk there.


A. lost

B. has lost

C. had lost

D. loses


解析:选B. 此题考查时态,根据语境他丢了自行车,对现在造成的影响是不得不走路。


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